Hypertension

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hypertension
Published on February 23, 2017

High blood pressure, usually referred to as high blood pressure, is really a medical problem where a person’s blood pressure is higher than typical levels and there is really a substantial risk of morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular events. It means higher tension within the arteries, which are vessels that take blood from the pumping heart and deliver it to all the tissues and organs of the body. Hypertension is not the same thing as excessive emotional tension, despite the fact that emotional tension and stress can easily temporarily increase blood pressure.

It is one of the most typical worldwide diseases affecting people that is why it is an essential public wellness concern. Throughout the past several decades, in depth study, common patient education, and a concerted energy on the part of wellness care experts have achieved decreased mortality and morbidity rates from multiple organ damage that comes from years of untreated hypertension.

Typical blood pressure is below 120/80 mmHg; blood pressure between 120/80 mmHg and 139/89 mmHg is called pre-hypertension, and a blood pressure of 140/90 mmHg or above is regarded high.

If you have pre-hypertension, you have a much higher chance that you’ll develop high blood pressure.

Readings of your blood pressure are tested in millimetres of mercury (mmHg) and usually given as two numbers. The higher number is your systolic pressure, the pressure created when your heart beats. It is regarded high if it is consistently more than 140. The lower number is your diastolic pressure, which is the constant pressure in your blood vessels when your heart is in between beats. It is regarded high if it is consistently more than 90.

Many elements can affect blood pressure, including:

How much water and salt you have inside your body;
The situation of your kidneys, nervous system, or blood vessels; and/or,
The levels of different body hormones.

Too much salt in your food plan is likely to lead to hypertension.

High blood pressure occurs as two major kinds; the most typical of which is essential hypertension. This kind of hypertension is identified by an above typical blood pressure without having a particular cause. Secondary hypertension, however, is the kind of hypertension where the rise in blood pressure is really a result of acurrent existing medical situation, or there is really a particular cause.

There’s also what we call malignant hypertension that is a severe, fulminant form of hypertension typical to both kinds.

Your f history, race, stress, weight problems, a high intake of saturated fats or salt, use of tobacco, sedentary lifestyle, and aging are chance elements for essential hypertension.

Secondary hypertension might arise from renovascular disease; pheochromocytoma; primary hyperaldosteronism; Cushing’s syndrome; thyroid, pituitary, or parathyroid dysfunction; coarctation of the aorta; pregnancy; neurologic disorders; and use of oral contraceptives or other drugs, such as cocaine, epoetin alfa, and cyclosporine.

Generally speaking, there are no symptoms in hypertension. In some cases the following list of symptoms can occur:

Ear noise or buzzing
Chest pain
Confusion
Nosebleed
Irregular heartbeat
Vision changes
Tiredness

It is best that should you have a severe headache or any of the symptoms above, see your doctor right away. These might be signs of a problem or dangerously hypertension.

[excerpt]Too much salt in your food plan is likely to lead to hypertension.[/excerp]

Image source:
http://cndls.georgetown.edu/

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